Although batik is produced in other parts of the world, Indonesia can be considered its spiritual home and where the art form has been developed to the greatest level of sophistication. Batik cloth is probably Indonesia’s most famous artistic and cultural legacy and was recognized by UNESCO in 2009 as part of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity; an award that reflects the continuing importance that batik plays in the cultural life of the Indonesian people.

Batik in Indonesia plays many roles: a sophisticated art form; a vital part of the nation’s cultural heritage; a symbol of national identity (particularly in batik-producing regions); a promotional tool for tourism, both as an image of the country and as a draw for special-interest tourists; and as a contributor to economic development. Batik production employs hundreds of thousands of people throughout the country, mainly in small enterprises, contributing effectively to the development of often quite poor villages and small towns.

Batik is popular for a number of reasons. For many Indonesians it offers a link to the traditions of the past, particularly in Java where it is a symbol of identity and still used in cultural ceremonies. Batik is also appealing because it is so striking: in color and in design. Batik is produced in a wide variety of colors and with huge variation of motifs making it extremely versatile. Traditional hand-painted baju batik is extremely durable, meaning that a single quality piece can last for generations. For many tourists, batik is a perfect memento of a holiday in Indonesia: exotic, traditional and colorful. Other than for clothing, batik cloth can be used in a number of different ways, such as for accessories, home furnishings and wall hangings, as well as a medium for painting. A final, perhaps understated reason for the popularity of batik can be found in its largely stylized or geometric motifs, inspired by Islam, which means that batik can have an intrinsic, universal appeal.

For centuries, Indonesian batik played an important role in the cultural and social life of its community; clothing kings and commoners alike; used in wedding ceremonies and rituals associated with the harvest; and cast into volcanoes to appease the gods. In the 1960s however, batik began to be associated with Indonesian nationalism. The batik shirt was popularized as a formal alternative to the Western-style suit for Indonesian men, as the newly independent nation tried to create a new identity and distance itself from the colonial regime. Batik lost popularity in the following decades as the country modernized and Western fashions became increasingly ubiquitous. However, batik sarimbit around the turn of the new millennium, interest in batik was renewed, in part due to efforts by Indonesian fashion designers who incorporated innovative designs into traditional forms of clothing such as the kebaya. Batik is becoming increasingly more fashionable, particularly amongst the young, and is often worn instead of a Western suit at work or at wedding receptions. Following the UNESCO announcement in 2009, the Indonesian government encourages the wearing of batik in workplaces on Fridays. Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono often wears batik shirts, as do many other politicians and public figures, and Nelson Mandela, former President of South Africa is also fond of batik.

There was widespread jubilation in Indonesia when UNESCO recognized Indonesian batik as an important cultural item, partly due to a disagreement with Malaysia over which country could claim historical origins of the art form. There has been a long running rivalry between the two nations, on occasion over territory but more commonly due to disputes over shared cultural practices. Malaysia has developed a sophisticated tourist industry that dwarfs its neighbor’s but many Indonesians felt that this was in part because it was claiming to be the origin of various cultural practices, such as songs, dances and batik production. The dispute went as far as the governments of the respective countries, who were moved to make pronouncements to calm the ill-feeling. The argument has since settled down, on the Indonesian side largely due to UNESCO’s recognition which offers a safeguard to a proud local tradition. The reality of the matter is that while the two countries are culturally very close, and regions of Indonesia and Malaysia both produce batik, the finished product is actually quite different, in color, design and technique. The dispute could be seen as arising from the fact that the two countries use the same word for what is often a quite distinct art form.

How to improve your sound or complexion:
These days, every girl and woman is trying to improve their facial skin with chemicals.

These chemicals work at first, but they have many side effects, over time, which may occur will be considered later. These products may not be your skin radiant and naturally give a brief live on the skin. We present here some brief natural way to transform your skin dull, lifeless complexion, dark, light, soft, acne free, fair and red.
1. First, get out of your daily diet. Eat a healthy and nutritious foods rich in antioxidants. Trim the fat and fatty acids replaced them with green vegetables, fruit and salads. This is the first important step towards a healthy and beautiful skin.
2. Wash your face at least three times a day with cold water and a mild soapy water once or twice per day. Wash the skin with a towel gentely after every wash. This will help remove the peeling skin and dead skin cells and make skin radiant and healthy.
3. 1 tablespoon milk powder, honey and lemon juice ½ teaspoon tablespoon almond oil. Mix thoroughly into a paste and apply all over face and neck. Whether rinse and dry skin to the perfect free of sunburn and other types of gloss.
4. You should also 8 to 9 hours of deep sleep every day. It also contributes to a better general health particularly the skin.
Home remedies for shiny skin:
Here are some tips to make your home sparkling and radiant skin. Healthy skin is beautiful and brilliant, these tips can be useful for this purpose.
1. Almonds soaked in water, 5.4 for the night. Remove the skin morning and grind to a paste. Add 1 teaspoon of gram flour, 1 teaspoon of milk and 4 drops of lemon juice. Mix well and massage your skin with this mixture for about 5 minutes to get a fair skin and long to own.
2. Grab a cup of mint leaves and grind them to a pulp. Coat your face with this paste and allow to dry. Rinse for 20 minutes. Repeat for 15 days.
3. Take 1 tablespoon tablespoon each of olive oil and milk, add ½ teaspoon of honey. Mix well and apply onto the skin. Leave for 10 minutes. Dip a cotton swab in warm water and rub the paste from the skin.
4. Mix equal amounts of lemon juice and honey. Apply the mixture to the face and body. Let stand 15 minutes and rinse.
5. Remove the pulp of the aloe vera and mix 1-2 teaspoons of milk powder and egg whites. Beat it well, then apply on your face with a brush and when it is dry, do make it to another level and again half an hour. then rinse.
6. Make a paste with 2 tablespoons orange juice 2 tsp honey, 2 tablespoons tea rose water and ground pepper 1 tablespoon of Fuller. Apply the paste on the face and neck. Wipe the mask after 15 minutes with a damp towel. Wash with clean water, this mask for dry skin.
7. 1 tablespoon chickpea flour 2 teaspoons of raw milk and 2-3 drops of lemon juice and smear the paste on the face and let sit for 15 minutes. Rinse with warm water.
How to improve your sound or complexion: These days, every girl and woman is trying to improve their facial skin with chemicals. These chemicals work at first, but they have many side effects, over time, which may occur will be considered later. These products may not be your skin radiant and naturally give a brief live on the skin. We present here some brief natural way to transform your skin dull, lifeless complexion, dark, light, soft, acne free, fair and red.
1. First, get out of your daily diet. Eat a healthy and nutritious foods rich in antioxidants. Trim the fat and fatty acids replaced them with green vegetables, fruit and salads. This is the first important step towards a healthy and beautiful skin.
2. Wash your face at least three times a day with cold water and a mild soapy water once or twice per day. Wash the skin with a towel gentely after every wash. This will help remove the peeling skin and dead skin cells and make skin radiant and healthy.
3. 1 tablespoon milk powder, honey and lemon juice ½ teaspoon tablespoon almond oil. Mix thoroughly into a paste and apply all over face and neck. Whether rinse and dry skin to the perfect free of sunburn and other types of gloss. 4. You should also 8 to 9 hours of deep sleep every day. It also contributes to a better general health particularly the skin. Home remedies for shiny skin: Here are some home to your skin radiant and sparkling. Healthy skin is beautiful and brilliant, these tips can be useful for this purpose. 1. Almonds soaked in water, 5.4 for the night. Remove the skin morning and grind to a paste. Add 1 teaspoon of gram flour, 1 c. Milk Tea
4 drops lemon juice. Mix well and massage your skin with this mixture for about 5 minutes to get a fair skin and long to own. 2. Grab a cup of mint leaves and grind them to a pulp. Coat your face with this paste and allow to dry. Rinse for 20 minutes. Repeat for 15 days. 3. Take 1 tablespoon tablespoon each of olive oil and milk, add ½ teaspoon of honey. Mix well and apply onto the skin. Leave for 10 minutes. Dip a cotton swab in warm water and rub the paste from the skin. 4. Mix equal amounts of lemon juice and honey. Apply the mixture to the face and body. Let stand 15 minutes and rinse.
5. Remove the pulp of the aloe vera and mix 1-2 teaspoons of milk powder and egg whites. Beat it well, then apply on your face with a brush and when it is dry, do make it to another level and again half an hour. then rinse.
6. Make a paste with 2 tablespoons orange juice 2 tsp honey, 2 tablespoons tea rose water and ground pepper 1 tablespoon of Fuller. Apply the paste on the face and neck. Wipe the mask after 15 minutes with a damp towel. Wash with clean water, this mask for dry skin.
7. 1 tablespoon chickpea flour 2 teaspoons of raw milk and 2-3 drops of lemon juice and smear the paste on the face and let sit for 15 minutes. Rinse with warm water.

Brown age spots may appear on men and women. They can make their debuts at any time, usually at an older age. brown spots on the skin mistakenly called liver spots. Liver has nothing to do with the case of the spot. But here’s what he does.
• Liver spots
Cause Liver spots have nothing to do with the function and health of the liver. injury to the bile from the liver or yellowish appearance. General yellowing first appears in the whites of his eyes.
The main reason for liver spots, probably free radicals. Although not yet proven, it is estimated that the damage caused by the remnants of melanin-producing cells in the skin depth.
• What is melanin?
Melanin is the pigment in hair color, eyes and skin. Fair-skinned people the same number of melanin-producing cells in people with darker skin color. The cells were simply less productive.
There are many things that cause the production of melanin, including hormones and environmental toxins. But the main trigger melanin production in the sun.
• To stay in the sun
Most people say that too much sun can cause brown age spots on the hands of men and women. However, sunlight can cause an accumulation of melanin and no tan.
Hands often the sun than other parts of the body exposed. Thus, it is logical that the area is part of the body most directly related.
Vision is sometimes seen with his face and hands. Bald men often on their heads.
You probably will not appear on the protected area of the sun, they have been long associated with damage to Sun the name Long before we understand the effects of free radicals, they found that the sun plays a role in skin aging.
• What are free radicals?
We say that free radicals are probably the main cause brown age spots on the hands of men and women, because the sun caused by free radicals, molecules behave differently. Usually benign molecules are excited and active when exposed to ultraviolet rays of the sun or another source.
When molecules are excited, they damage the membrane of adjacent cells. Damage caused by foreign cells, especially important because these cells are often replaced.
The damage caused by the cells of an internal problem. responsible for the replacement of damaged or dead cells in the deeper layers of skin cells away. In addition to these cells produce melanin cells. When stimulated, they give the melanin in the new cells. This process can be less than perfect, if you check the DNA of cells damaged by free radicals. Free radicals are known to cellular DNA damage.
This should explain why we believe that the main cause of liver spots free radicals. It is easier to say that the brown age spots on the hands of men and women because of excessive sun exposure.
• How to of brown age spots (liver spots) to get rid of
Now you can understand more about the causes, it should be for you to understand how to remove brown age spots on the hands of men and women, without a visit to a dermatologist or plastic surgeon easy. This is the subject of my next article: How to get rid of age spots Brown in the hands of men and women. Click on the link in the resource box of free access to the article How to get rid of age spots Brown in the hands of men and women.

Identify the steps and the aging process – all persons, especially women, often hear the word of premature aging. In fact, what is the meaning of aging? And what are the factors causing the premature aging? This can protect the skin from premature aging is not the case for us? Well, it’s not interesting, constantly refer to the following information. Premature aging is a process of skin aging faster than they should. Many people who start to see the facial skin wrinkles in relatively young age, even at an early age of 20 years. This is usually caused by various factors, internal and external.
Internal factors are usually caused by a failure of the body. For example, a prolonged illness and lack of food. Although external factors by sunlight, pollution, cigarette smoke, junk food and so on.
The scientific facts on the skin
1. From a young age the skin on the skin appear every 28-30 days. With age, the process of regeneration in rapid decline. And after more than 50 years, up to 37 days.
2. Dermis of the skin layer of the skin, which is the kind of elasticity and softness of the skin. Serves meals to the epidermal layer, and as a base of collagen and elastin.
3. Vitamin C stimulates collagen production and improves skin condition by improving the ability of the parents, the proliferation of skin fibroblasts.
Collagen is the main component of the dermis layer of the skin (the bottom of the epidermis), produced by fibroblasts. In general, the compounds of collagen proteins from long chains of amino acids plus alanine, arginine, lysine, glycine, proline and hiroksiproline are together. trained before collagen, collagen per advance.
If the production of collagen decreases with age, the impact of the increase process of “dry skin” and the kind of elasticity. The dermis is the kind of elasticity and softness of the skin (smooth skin), which is crucial for “young” and has a nice leather (beautiful skin).
3-stage process of skin aging
The skin aging is largely divided into two processes, namely, aging photo-aging “chronology (chronological aging) and. Chronological aging is manifested by changes in the structure and function, and the continuation of the age of skin metabolism. The process involved, the skin becomes dry and thin appearance of fine lines, skin pigmentation (age spots).
Although the process of aging picture “is a process of reduction of collagen and elastin in the skin exposure UV radiation include the sun. The Effects of UV radiation can cause skin damage caused by the appearance of proteolytic enzymes, free radicals formed. These enzymes then break the collagen and connective tissue under the dermis of the skin.
Thus, from our knowledge of the facts and the aging process that causes premature skin aging, we need to do the right steps to fight against premature aging. One of the measures to fight against premature aging have the right products of aging.
Ser-C, Vitamin C serum, skin care law is useful to the aging process and the folding screen (or wrinkles) Facial skin slowly.
Phase 1
At the age of 25-35 years. Then began in hormone production and cell destruction started to fall occur, but not give effect to health. The body is still fit and maintain.
Phase 2
At the age of 35-45 years, hormone production decreased by 25%. The body begins to experience aging. At that time the eyes begin to use more glass myopia glasses, gray hair, his sense reduced endurance. If during this period and earlier, you have an unhealthy lifestyle can be the risk of cancer.
Phase 3
Occurs at age 45 and older. At this point, the hormone production is reduced and eventually discontinued. Women are called in the menopause, while Proa experienced during andropause. At that time, the skin becomes concave because of dehydration, the body gets tired quickly. Various degenerative diseases such as diabetes, osteoporosis, high blood pressure and heart disease began to attack.